Roman Numeral Chords

Select any combination of chords. Choose between the Roman numeral chords from the Major key or the relative minor key for the current key signature. Select any combination of ascending, descending, and harmonic an interval or chord where all notes sound simultaneously chords.





The position of a chord a group of three or more tones forming a harmony within the key is given by the Roman numeral. The value of the Roman numeral indicates the scale degree number of the chord name and chord root. For example, in the key of C the d minor chord in Roman numeral notation would be "ii". "D" is the chord root of d minor and the second degree of the C major scale. The lower case "ii" indicates a minor chord.


Chord inversions are shown with numbers similar to figured bass numbers. The numbers stand for the interval above the lowest note that is the bass. A first inversion chord has the third of the chord in the bass. Thus the intervals above the bass would be a sixth and a third. Compound intervals are always condensed to a one octave range and stacked in ascending order to yield a kind of shorthand. The C major chord in first inversion in the key of C would be I6. It would be spelled from the bottom up E-G-C or E-C-G. As long as E, the third of the chord, is the lowest pitch, it is a first inversion and written I6. The 3 is assumed.


Normally in figured bass the numbers appear stacked vertically.



This figured bass indicates the second inversion of the I chord. To save space MusicGoals puts everything on one line:

This table shows the condensed figured bass for chord inversions.




Seventh chords

Root Position



1st Inversion



2nd Inversion



3rd Inversion




In the key of G major, a C major chord in second inversion would be shown on the button as ”IV 64”. ”IV” identifies the chord root C as the fourth degree of the G major scale. ”64” is the figured bass for second inversion.


Before the drill begins, chords may be displayed on the staff and sounded by selecting the chord buttons. The note colors indicate the scale a group of pitches arranged from high to low covering one octave degrees and solfeggio a system of naming scale degrees with singable syllables, do re mi fa so la ti do syllables. Click on the staff to stop the sound.


see also: Dot and Note Colors, Roman Numerals, Figured Bass